An exploration of the aesthetic qualities shared by modern science and certain recent music is undertaken in light of the apparent inherence of such qualities in the author's own musical work and in works which have influenced it. A selective outline of historical relationships between science and music is included to provide context for the works under consideration. Aesthetic qualities inherent in purportedly "beautiful'' theories, theorems and experiments are explored and compared with qualities identifiable in music which has influenced the author. Possible reasons for aesthetic commonalities are identified. Finally, documentation of my recent musical works is provided.